Retrieved 11 November Pelanduk Publications. Accessed 29 March Accessed 31 March As a result of the importance of surnames, rules and traditions regarding family and marriage grew increasingly complex.
The reason, according to Du Ruofu of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is that all societies experience an 'evolutionary dwindling' of family names as less-common ones die out. Due to the different pronunciation and romanizations, it is sometimes easy to tell whether a Chinese person has origins in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, or Taiwan. In ancient times two types of surnames existed, namely xing Chinese:
They played important roles in the Chinese diaspora to South-East Asia and elsewhere, providing the infrastructure for the establishment of trading networks. During the period a large number of genealogical records called pudie simplified Chinese: It does not show, however, the most common surnames in any one province. A study by geneticist Yuan Yida has found that of all the people with a particular surname, there tends to be a population concentration in a certain province, [ citation needed ] as tabulated to the right. The Tang dynasty was the last period when the great aristocratic families, mostly descended from the nobility of pre-Qin states, held significant centralized and regional power.
Clans continued the tradition of tracing their ancestry to the distant past as a matter of prestige. For example, in Taiwan, there is a clan with the so-called "double Liao" surname. This trend was led by the poet Su Shi and his father. Retrieved from " https: Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, moreover, some surnames have been graphically simplified.